Resource Details

Effects of Invasive Alien Plants on Fire Regimes

Literature: Journal Articles

Brooks, M. L., Antonio, C. M. D., Richardson, D. M., Grace, J. B., Keeley, J. O. N. E., Tomaso, J. M. D. I., … Pyke, D. (2004). Effects of Invasive Alien Plants on Fire Regimes. BioScience, 54(7), 677–688.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Western Ecological Research Center, US Geological Survey (USGS), Henderson, NV 89074
  • US Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service, Reno, NV 89512
  • Institute for Plant Conservation, Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
  • USGS National Wetlands Research Center, Lafayette, LA 70506
  • USGS Western Ecological Research Center, Three Rivers, CA 93271
  • Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology, and Evolution at the University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095
  • Weed Science Program at the University of California, Davis, CA 95616
  • School of Environmental Science at Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
  • US Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office, Boise, ID 83709
  • USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvallis, OR 97331


Available from BioOne:[0677:EOIAPO]2.0.CO;2


  • This article focuses on the potential for invasive plant species to affect native ecosystems is by changing fuel properties, which can in turn affect fire behavior and  fire regime characteristics impacting the ability of a site to restore to its previous state.
  • If the regime changes promote the dominance of the invasive plant, then an invasive–fire regime cycle can be established. As more ecosystem components and interactions are altered, restoration of preinvasion conditions becomes more difficult.
  • Restoration where this has occured may require managing fuel conditions, fire regimes, native plant communities, and other ecosystem properties in addition to the invasive plants that caused the changes in the first place.
  • The authors provide a model describing the relationships between invasive plants and fire regimes and they suggest a system for evaluating the relative effects of invaders and prioritizing them for control, and recommend ways to restore pre-invasion fire regime properties.

Geographical Region

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  • Ecosystems

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