Resource Details

Teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f) its Natural Distribution and Related Factors

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Kaosa-ard, Apichart: 1981 Teak (Tectona grandisLinn. f.), its natural distribution and related factors. Nat.Hist.Bull.Siam.Soc. 29: 55-74.

Contact Info

Apichart Kaosa-ard, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Thailand


  • Teak Seed Centre (Ngao, Lampang,), Division of Silviculture, Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, Thailand


Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society

Full Access to this document is available for no cost at the link above.

Species Info

  • Tectona grandis


  • This paper provides an introduction to the distribution and growth of teak in its natural habitat
  • The optimal rainfall regime for teak is 1,250 to 2,500 mm of annual rain with 3-5 months of a dry period
  • The optimal temperatures for growth are between 27 and 36 degrees centigrade during the day and between 20 and 30 degrees centigrade at night. Frost is extremely harmful, even for pole-sized trees.
  • 75-95 percent of full day light intensity is optimal
  • The most suitable soils for teak growth are volcanic in origin
  • Most favorable pH ranges for teak between 6.5 and 7.5
  • Teak requires a relatively large amount of calcium for growth and development

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Mainland Southeast Asia
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