Resource Details

Selecting framework tree species for restoring seasonally dry tropical forests in northern Thailand based on field performance

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Elliott, S., Navakitbumrung, P., Kuarak, C., Zangkum, S., Anusarnsunthorn, V. & Blakesley, D. 2003, "Selecting framework tree species for restoring seasonally dry tropical forests in northern Thailand based on field performance", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 184, no. 1-3, pp. 177-191.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Forest Restoration Research Unit, Biology Department, Science Faculty, Chiang Mai University, Thailand 50200
  • Horticulture Research International, East Malling, West Malling, Kent ME19 6BJ, United Kingdom


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

  • Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
  • Aglaia lawii
  • Bischofia javanica
  • Balakata baccata
  • Callicarpa arborea
  • Castanopsis acuminatissima
  • Cinnamomum caudatum
  • Diospyros glandulosa
  • Erythrina subumbrans
  • Ficus altissima
  • Ficus benjamina
  • Ficus glaberrima
  • Ficus heteropleura
  • Ficus hispida
  • Ficus racemosa
  • Ficus subulata
  • Glochidion kerrii
  • Gmelina arborea
  • Helicia nilagirica
  • Heynea trijuga
  • Horsfieldia thorelii
  • Hovenia dulcis
  • Lithocarpus fenestratus
  • Macaranga denticulata
  • Machilus bombycina
  • Manglietia garrettii
  • Melia toosendan
  • Michelia baillonii
  • Nyssa javanica
  • Phoebe cathia
  • Prunus cerasoides
  • Pterocarpus macrocarpus
  • Quercus semiserrata
  • Rhus rhetsoides
  • Sapindus rarak
  • Sarcosperma arboreum
  • Spondias axillaris


  • This research presents the suitability of 37 native tree species planted in the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park in northern Thailand as "framework species".
  • Framework species are selected through trials such as this project that can guide the native species selection for reforestation projects.
  • The authors suggest that Ficus hispida var hispida, Gmelina arborea, Hovenia dulcis, Melia toosendan, Michelia baillonii, Prunus cerasoides, Rhus rhetsoides and Spondias axillaris trees are excellent "framework species" because of their high survival, high growth, crown width, and, for most, high resistance to fire.
  • Fifteen additional species were qualified as acceptable framework species.
  • The authors suggest that restoration projects minimize the use of species in the 'marginal' category because the low germination or survival would be less favorable and profitable for the project.
  • The authors recommend that planting mixtures of 20 to 30 the tree species in the 'excellent' and 'acceptable' categories may likely lead to a diverse and high performing reforestation plantation.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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