Resource Details

Growth in pure and mixed plantations of tree species used in reforesting rural areas of the humid region of Costa Rica, Central America

Literature: Journal Articles

Petit, Bryan; Montagnini, Florencia. 2006.Growth in pure and mixed plantations of tree species used in reforesting rural areas of the humid region of Costa Rica, Central America. Forest Ecology and Management 233 (338-343).

Contact Info

Tel.: +1 203 436 4221; fax: +1 203 432-3929


USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Watershed Recovery Program, 230 E 2nd Ave., Suite 110, Escondido, CA 92026, USA
Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA


Species Info

Vochysia ferruginea; Vochysia guatemalensi; Hieronyma alchorneoides; Genipa americana; Balizia elegans; Jacaranda copaia;


- The study compares productivity and ecosystem services of native tree species in monoculture and mixture plantations located on abandoned pasturelands in the humid, Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica.
- Given Costa Rica's incentives to plant native tree species on abandoned agricultural land, this study aims to provide more information to farmers about which trees to plant in order to reduce the financial risks and increase the understanding of how forests grow. 
- The study compared 10 species (including a variation on branching patterns, size and crown shape, one legume, one relatively fast and one relatively slow growing species) on three plantations, comparing the growth rate, farmer preference, potential impacts on soil fertility, general characteristics of nutrient recycling and availability of plant stock. 
- The mixed species plantations were sometimes more productive than the monocultures; the legumes (nitrogen fixing) nursed some of the other tree species; the larger trees shaded provided shelter for some of the trees; trees were able to utilize more growing space; and greater accumulation of above-ground biomass and carbon sequestration. 

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

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