Resource Details

Growth of native forest species planted on abandoned pasture land in Costa Rica

Literature: Journal Articles

Eugenio González, J. & Fisher, R.F. 1994, "Growth of native forest species planted on abandoned pasture land in Costa Rica", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 70, no. 1-3, pp. 159-167.


  • Department of Forest Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2135, USA


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

  • Acacia mangium (exotic)
  • Inga edulis
  • Pentaclethra macroloba
  • Pithecellobium macradenium
  • Styphnodendron microstachyum
  • Gmelina arborea (exotic)
  • Hyeronima alchorneoides
  • Pinus tecunumanii
  • Virola koschnyi
  • Vochysia ferruginea
  • Vochysia guatemalensis


  • This research presents the growth and survival of three year old trees of 9 species native to Costa Rica and 2 exotic species planted in abandoned pasture at the La Selva Biological Station.
  • Of the species, five were nitrogen fixing and six were non-nitrogen fixing.
  • Tree form, height, DBH, volume index, survival, and crown depth were estimated every year for the first three years since planting.
  • Vochysia guatemalensis had the highest survival, and Pinus tecunumanii had the lowest survival.
  • For growth characteristics Acacia mangium had significantly higher values than the other species, while Vochysia guatemalensis ranked second for DBH and Gmelina arborea ranked second for height.
  • Virola koschnyi had the lowest value for DBH.
  • Although Acacia mangium and Inga edulis had rapid growth, tree form was given low rankings due to bifurcation and branching (undesirable characteristics for timber).
  • Virola Koschnyi had good form and survival, but is a slower growing species.
  • The native species with the best growth and form were Vochysia guatemalensis and Vochysia ferruginea.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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