Resource Details

Seedling survival and growth of native tree species in pastures: Implications for dry tropical forest rehabilitation in central Panama

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Griscom, H.P., Ashton, P.M.S. & Berlyn, G.P. 2005, "Seedling survival and growth of native tree species in pastures: Implications for dry tropical forest rehabilitation in central Panama", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 218, no. 1-3, pp. 306-318.

Contact Info

Corresponding authors:,


  • Native Species Reforestation Project (PRORENA), Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
  • School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511-2189, USA


Harvard University

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Forest Ecology and Management

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Species Info

  • Cedrela odorata
  • Enterolobium cyclocarpum
  • Copaifera aromatica


  • Additionally, microclimate conditions (light, soil moisture, soil nutrients and texture, soil bulk density) and cause of seedling mortality were evaluated.
  • The most common cause of mortality was from trampling by cattle, followed by cattle herbivory.
  • Enterolobium cyclocarpum had the highest height growth but also faced high rodent herbivory.
  • Cedrela odorata had high diameter growth, had the highest survival of the three species, and faced high shoot borer attacks which affected form but did not cause mortality.
  • Copaifera aromatica had high mortality, more due to desiccation in the pasture environment, than from other factors.
  • Independently, herbicide application and cattle exclusion resulted in higher growth and survival of the tree seedings.
  • The authors suggest that herbicide should be applied and cattle removed before enrichment planting.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Country

  • Panama
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