Actitudes de los productores ganaderos de El Petén, guatemala, respecto a la implementación de sistemas silvopastoriles
Cattle farmers’ attitudes toward the implementation of silvopasto- ral systems in Peten, guatemala
Recursos en Español - Spanish
Anfinnsen, B., M. Aguilar-Støen, A. vatn. 2009. Actitudes de los productores ganaderos de El Petén, guatemala, respecto a la implementación de sistemas silvopastoriles. Agroforestería en las Américas, 47: 20-26.
Department of Economics and Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås.
Evidence suggests that silvopastoral systems are potentially sustainable in ecological terms, they are profitable in economic terms, and contribute to reduce risk at the farm level. Despite this, the implementation of silvopastoral systems has been slow among livestock producers in Central America. Then arises the question why livestock producers have not widely adopted silvopastoral systems?
The objective of this research was to explore the level of implementation of silvopastoral systems (SPS) in 31 production systems of El Petén region in Guatemala, farmers' preferences about SPS and the factors influencing farmers' attitudes and actions in their adoption.
The authors were looking to answer the following questions: What is the level of implementation of SPS today in El Peten? What is the attitude of the producers towards SPS? What factors influence the adoption of SPS by producers? What factors are important in order for attitudes to become actions?
The data for the study was collected from several sources; a) existing data (a socioeconomic survey administered to 80 producers, satellite images and field mapping); b) structured interviews; c) transect walks with semi-structured interviews; d) a discussion group; e) unstructured interviews and participative observation of the area with livestock producers; and f) semi-structured interviews with five organizations working in the region. Several qualitative and quantitative methods were used for purposes of triangulation.
The authors note that the decision-making processes of producers is quite complex. The authors couldn't identify a single reason to explain why the level of implementation of SPS is not higher. There isn't a single variable that explains a producer's decision to implement SPS. Therefore, in order to promote the adoption of new technologies it's important to have a dialogue with the producers and understand their motivations and thoughts, as decisions of producers are explained by a broad combination of factors.
According to the authors, field observations and qualitative interviews suggest that SPS technologies have a real potential to be implemented under a broad spectrum of biophysical conditions, which indicates that the potential for adoption of diversified silvopastoral systems is quite promising.
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