Resource Details

A sustainability framework for assessing trade-offs in ecosystem services

Literature: Journal Articles

Cavender-Bares, J., S. Polasky, E. King, and P. Balvanera. 2015. A sustainability framework for assessing trade-offs in ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 20(1): 17

Contact Info

Jeannine Cavender-Bares
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior
University of Minnesota
1987 Upper Buford Circle
Saint Paul, MN
USA 55108


  • Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota
  • Institute on Environment, University of Minnesota
  • Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota
  • Biological Sciences, Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia
  • Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia
  • Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Species Info



  • This paper presents insights on ecosystem service trade-offs and sustainability that arise in different fields, such as ecology and economics. It is a review paper.
  • The paper integrates (1) the ecological mechanisms that underpin ecosystem services, (2) biophysical trade-offs and inherent limits that constrain management options, (3) preferences and values of stakeholders, and (4) explicit analysis of how systems evolve through time to ensure the goal of meeting the needs of future generations.
  • The authors then present a series of contrasting scenarios and use their established framework to examine management options and trade-offs for stakeholders for each scenario.

Geographical Region

  • General
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

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