Resource Details

Restoration pathways for rain forest in southwest Sri Lanka: A review of concepts and models

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Ashton, M.S., Gunatilleke, C.V.S., Singhakumara, B.M.P. & Gunatilleke, I.A.U.N. 2001, "Restoration pathways for rain forest in southwest Sri Lanka: A review of concepts and models", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 154, no. 3, pp. 409-430.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT
  • Botany Department, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  • Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayawardenapura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka


Forest Ecology and Management

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Also available at no cost


  • This article reviews 15 years of research on Sri Lankan forest dynamics to provide models of tropical forest succession and restoration.
  • The authors address multiple types of restoration: after chronic degradation, after acute degradation and after agriculture abandonment.
  • If damage is "bottom-up" (such as NTFP collection) the authors recommend the conscious effort to encourage understory regeneration by reducing NTFP collection, selectively collecting, or rotating stands of collection.
  • For "top-down" degradation (such as exotic competition) the authors recommend enrichment planting of canopy tree species with treatments to ensure their survival.
  • For areas that underwent acute disturbance but are still intact, the authors provide guidelines of silvicultural treatments to encourage various native species, both understory and canopy.
  • For areas with no potential to develop NTFP and timber value within a reasonable amount of time, the authors recommend mixed-species plantations. The authors suggest multi-stage approaches to plantations that complement the successional capabilities of tree species.
  • By understanding the forest dynamics and managing for clear goals, the authors recommend that forest managers can increase the speed and quality of rain forest restoration efforts.

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • Sri Lanka
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