Resource Details

Farmer participation in reforestation incentive programs in Costa Rica

Literature: Journal Articles

Thacher, T., Lee, D. & Schelhas, J. 1996, "Farmer participation in reforestation incentive programs in Costa Rica", Agroforestry Systems, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 269-289.


  • Cornell University Department of Agricultural, Resource, and Managerial Economics, Ithaca NY USA


Summary available at no cost:

Agroforestry Systems

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  • This article evaluates the participation of farm households in reforestation incentive programs in Costa Rica from 1988 to 1995.
  • The Forestry Bond Certificate in Advance (CAFa) was started in 1988 as a grant of 100,000 colones per hectare (it increased to 120,000 colones per hectare) for reforestation to be disbursed over 5 years of plantation establishment.
  • The Forestry Development Fund (FDF) was initiated in 1989 and offers 58,000 colones per hectare over 3 years for reforestation.
  • The authors conducted surveys of 243 participants and non-participants and found that the participants had farms that were generally larger in size, had some off-farm income, and had more extensive connection with extension efforts.
  • Most of the people reforesting had previously used the land for cattle pasture and fallow land.
  • The authors describe that farmers are attracted to these incentives because the short-term benefits can offer farmers financial gain from lands no longer suitable for crop or cattle production while in the long term they view the future timber harvest as a 'savings account' for the next generation.

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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