Resource Details

Paying for Environmental Services: An Analysis of Participation in Costa Rica's PSA Program

Literature: Journal Articles

Zbinden, S. & Lee, D.R. 2005, "Paying for Environmental Services: An Analysis of Participation in Costa Rica's PSA Program", World Development, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 255-272.

Contact Info


  • Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Zurich
  • Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA


World Development

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  • This research evaluates the demographic and other factors that played a role in the participation of households in Costa Rica's Payment for Environmental Services program.
  • On average, the participants had larger farms with more labor-intensive agricultural activities compared with the average non-participant.
  • Land tenure and legal titles to the land were critical factors in a household's participation.
  • Overall, the authors suggest that the individuals who participated in this program were likely in less financial need and already well connected to funding sources.
  • This trend of landowners with larger parcels participating may be beneficial environmentally and for efficiency in government expenses, however, it may not be as far-reaching to landowners of all demographic backgrounds.

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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