Resource Details

Propagating framework tree species to restore seasonally dry tropical forest: Implications of seasonal seed dispersal and dormancy

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Blakesley, D., Elliott, S., Kuarak, C., Navakitbumrung, P., Zangkum, S. & Anusarnsunthorn, V. 2002, "Propagating framework tree species to restore seasonally dry tropical forest: Implications of seasonal seed dispersal and dormancy", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 164, no. 1-3, pp. 31-38.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author: D. Blakesley,


  • Horticulture Research International, East Malling, West Malling, Kent ME19 6BJ, UK
  • Science Faculty, Biology Department, Forest Restoration Research Unit, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

  • Castanopsis calathiformis
  • Cinnamomum iners
  • Debregeasia longifolia
  • Eriobotrya bengalensis
  • Erythrina stricta
  • Erythrina subumbrans
  • Markhamia stipulata
  • Melia toosendan
  • Planchonella punctata
  • Quercus semiserrata
  • Quercus vestita
  • Spondias axillaris
  • Bischofia javanica
  • Callicarpa arborea
  • Heynea trijuga
  • Hovenia dulcis
  • Lithocarpus elegans
  • Lithocarpus garrettianus
  • Michelia baillonii
  • Ostodes paniculata
  • Sapindus rarak
  • Rhus rhetsoides
  • Prunus cerasoides
  • Phoebe Lanceolata
  • Nyssa javanica
  • Manglietia garretti
  • Heynea trijuga
  • Ficus subulata
  • Ficus semicordata
  • Ficus racemosa
  • Ficus altissima
  • Eurya acuminata
  • Duabanga grandifolia
  • Castanopsis tribuloides
  • Balakata baccata


  • This paper evaluates the seed germination characteristics of native tree species selected for reforestation in Thailand and cultivated in nurseries.
  • Thirty-six species were selected using the "framework species method" for tropical forest restoration.
  • The method, developed in Queensland and used in tropical Asia, attempts to accelerate the natural succession of a forest by planting a mixture of trees including: fast growing trees to form large canopies along with trees that provide food or habitat to wildlife.
  • In nursery conditions, 29 of the species had greater than 60% germination of seed.
  • Twelve of the species germinated rapidly (within 3 weeks), eight germinated slowly (after 12 weeks) and the rest were intermediates.
  • The species with rapid germination were: Castanopsis calathiformis; Cinnamomum iners; Debregeasia longifolia; Eriobotrya bengalensis; Erythrina stricta; Erythrina subumbrans; Markhamia stipulata; Melia toosendan; Planchonella punctata; Quercus semiserrata; Quercus vestita; Spondias axillaris

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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