Resource Details

Propagating framework trees to restore seasonally dry tropical forest in northern Thailand

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Elliott, S., Kuarak, C., Navakitbumrung, P., Zangkum, S., Anusarnsunthorn, V. & Blakesley, D. 2002, "Propagating framework trees to restore seasonally dry tropical forest in northern Thailand", New Forests, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 63-70.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author: D. Blakesley,


  • Horticulture Research International, East Malling, West Malling, Kent ME19 6BJ, UK
  • Science Faculty, Biology Department, Forest Restoration Research Unit, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand


New Forests

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Species Info

  • Castanopsis acuminatissima 
  • Dalbergia rimosa 
  • Diospyros glandulosa 
  • Eugenia albiflora 
  • Ficus glaberrima var. glaberrima 
  • Lithocarpus craibianus 
  • Melia toosendan 
  • Prunus cerasoides 
  • Quercus semiserrata 
  • Spondias axillaris


  • One issue faced in native species reforestation is the lack of information on propagation and nursery practices of native seeds and seedlings.
  • This research presents data on the germination and performance of ten native species that were formerly classified as possible "framework" species to be used in reforestation in northern Thailand.
  • All species had a germination rate of over 35%.Castanopsis acuminatissima and Lithocarpus craibianus grew more slowly and had to wait 550 days to be planted in the subsequent wet season.
  • Ficus glaberrima also germinated slowly and had to remain in the nursery for 16 months. Melia toosendan and Prunus cerasoides having a germination rate above 50% and grew into plants suitable for planting in less than 140 days.
  • Because Melia toosendan seeds are collected in the early dry season, trees are ready for planting by the start of the wet season.
  • For Prunus Cerasoidies, however, the dispersal occurs in the early wet season, one year before ideal sapling planting times.
  • The authors recommend storing Prunus cerasoides seeds for 6 months before germinating because of the expense of caring for saplings that are ready for planting too early (during the dry season).
  • The other five species also performed well in the nursery and were ready for planting within 12 months at the start of the wet season.
  • By providing this scheduling information, the authors hope to help individuals use the correct timing and species for reforesting with native species in Thailand.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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