Resource Details

Participatory forestry as a strategy for reforestation in Bangladesh

Literature: Journal Articles

Rasheed, K.B.S. 1995, "Participatory forestry as a strategy for reforestation in Bangladesh", GeoJournal, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 39-44.

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Description

  • This article describes that Bangladesh has a long history of programs relating to reforestation, however, they have rarely been successful.
  • Under British rule, much of the forestland was managed by the Forest Department, but illegal cutting and encroachment onto forestlands left only 44% of national forests with actual forests.
  • In 1985, after independence, a plan was laid out to encourage participatory forestry or the management of tree growing programs by rural peoples.
  • The programs offered support for tree plantings along roads and highways, on slopes around ponds and other water bodies, in woodlot areas, and in agroforestry areas.
  • The Asian Development Bank sponsored a Community Forestry Project (CFP) in which 50,000 hectares of land will be replanted with 2500 hectares per year.
  • In agroforestry stands, timber and fuelwood species such as Swietenia mahagoni, Eucalyptus camadulensis, and Leucaena leucocephala (all exotic) were encourages as well as fruit-bearing plants.
  • Additionally, NGOs, such as the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), POUSH, Rangpur-Dinajpur Rural Service (RDRS), Swiss Development Corporation (SDC), and Proshika, have encouraged active participatory forestry programs.
  • These programs have established nurseries; planted strip plantations along roadsides; encouraged agroforestry plantings; and set up village forestry organizations.
  • The authors suggest that participatory forestry is relatively new in Bangladesh and may offer the rural poor the benefits of reforestation, however social constraints must be factored into these programs.

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • Bangladesh
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