Resource Details

Effects of fire on the recruitment of rain forest vegetation beneath Pinus caribaea plantations, Sri Lanka

Literature: Journal Articles

Shibayama, T., Ashton, M.S., Singhakumara, B., Griscom, H.P., Ediriweera, S. & Griscom, B.W. 2006, "Effects of fire on the recruitment of rain forest vegetation beneath Pinus caribaea plantations, Sri Lanka", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 226, no. 1-3, pp. 357-363.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 360 Prospect St., New Haven, CT 06511, United States
  • Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka


Forest Ecology & Management

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.

Species Info

Overstory: Pinus caribaea (exotic)


  •  Acronychia pedunculata
  •  Alstonia macrophylla
  •  Anisophyllea cinnamomoides
  •  Aporusa cardiosperma
  •  Artocarpus nobilis
  •  Bridelia mooni
  •  Calamus thwaitesi
  •  Canarium zeylanicum
  •  Caryota urens
  •  Chaetocarpus castanocarpus
  •  Cinnamomum zeylanicum
  •  Clerodendrum infortunatum
  •  Clidemia hirta
  •  Cryptocarya wightiana
  •  Cyathea walkerae
  •  Desmodium gyroides
  •  Desmos elegans
  •  Dillenia triquetra
  •  Diospyros insignis
  •  Dipterocarpus zeylanicus
  •  Elaeocarpus serratus
  •  Eudia lunu-ankenda
  •  Eurya acuminata
  •  Ficus religiosa
  •  Gaertnera vaginans
  •  Garcinia quaesita
  •  Glochidion zeylanicum
  •  Hedyotis fruticosa
  •  Hibiscus furcatus
  •  Lanatana camara
  •  Leea indica
  •  Litsea longifolia
  •  Macaranga indica
  •  Melastoma malabathricum
  •  Neolitsea cassia
  •  Ochlandra stridula
  •  Ochna lanceolata
  •  Salacia reticulata
  •  Schumacheria castaneafolia
  •  Scholopia schreberi
  •  Semecarpus walkerae
  •  Symplocos cochinchinensis
  •  Syzygium caryophyllatum
  •  S. neesianum
  •  S. operculatum
  •  S. rubicundum
  •  Thottea siliquosa
  •  Timonius jambosella
  •  Trema orientalis
  •  Toddalia asiatica
  •  Urandra apicaulis
  •  Vitex altissima


  • This article looks at the ability of long-standing exotic pine plantations to aid in the establishment of native species in the understory and the effect that fire treatments have on those understory species.
  • The researchers evaluate the understory regeneration in 18-20 year old plantations of Pinus caribaea that underwent three different groundcover treatments: multiple times burned (within 5 years), once burned (within 5 years), and unburned.
  • The species richness and number of understory tree stems were highest in unburned plantations and lowest in the once burned plantations. 
  • Among all treatments, primary forest species that were shade-tolerant and had poor seed dispersal mechanism were largely missing, however the unburned plantations had a greater number of species that were considered primary rain forest species.
  • Along with the tree species diversity and counts, fern, vine, and bamboo growth was higher in unburned plantations.
  • Measures of soil productivity were significantly lower in multiple burned plantations, but in the once burned plantations soil measures were similar those in unburned plantations.
  • Meanwhile, the once-burned plantations had the lowest diversity of trees and shrubs compared with the other treatments. 
  • The authors propose that the one time fire might have been hotter and therefore had greater carbon inputs from burned plants while resulting in greater loss of vegetation and root collars (with coppicing ability). 
  • In this situation, the authors recommend that higher diversity of regeneration can be achieved by protecting plantations from fire and using nurse trees that do not increase forest flammability. 

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Sri Lanka
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute