Resource Details

Imperata Grassland Rehabilitation using Agroforestry and Assisted Natural Regeneration

Literature: Available at NO COST Manuals, Guides, Reports

Friday, Kathleen S., M. Elmo Drilling, and Dennis Garrity. 1999. Imperata grassland rehabilitation using Agroforestry and Assisted Natural Regeneration. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Southeast Asian Regional Research Programme, Bogor, Indonesia.

Contact Info


  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Pacific Southwest Research Station, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service
  • People, Resources, and Conservation Foundation
  • International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Southeast Asian Regional Programme



Full Access to this document is available for no cost at the link above.


  • This manual provides the concepts and techniques for for using assisted natural regeneration to establish forest and agroforestry systems in areas dominated by the invasive grass Imperata cylindrica.
  • Firstly, the manual discusses the importance of working with communities so that project managers and extension agents meet the needs of both regional programs and local groups. They suggest that a good extensionist listens and learns from the community, is sensitive, recognizes farmers' abilities, helps the community with their objectives, enables and empowers the community, is patient, and works with the community to plan and map the project. 
  • The manual highlights the fire-prone nature of Imperata and the action steps people can use to help prevent and fight fires, such as the use of firebreaks made of flattened grass, cleared land, or greenbreaks of fire-resistant vegetation.
  • Next, agroforestry techniques are discussed, specifically in the context of reducing fire hazard, reducing soil erosion, increasing soil fertility, and increasing farm profitability and sustainability.
  • Examples are provided for which trees and crops to plant (based on Southeast Asian flora).
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