Resource Details

Globalization, Forest Resurgence, and Environmental Politics in El Salvador

Literature: Journal Articles

Hecht, S.B., Kandel, S., Gomes, I., Cuellar, N. & Rosa, H. 2006, "Globalization, Forest Resurgence, and Environmental Politics in El Salvador", World Development, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 308-323.

Contact Info


  • School of Public Affairs and Institute of the Environment, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • PRISMA, El Salvador


World Development

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  • In this article, authors describe that the land-use trends in El Salvador have shifted towards forest regrowth, even though the image of deforestation is still present in popular consciousness.
  • Although not classified as the primary forest that is often given the most attention, El Salvador has a great deal of forests that have count as secondary forests, forests affected by geological disturbances, forests with historical anthropogenic influences, and more modern agroforestry efforts (living fences, orchards, and coffee and cocoa plantations).
  • Furthermore, the authors present how conflicts have restricted agricultural expansion; there are high levels of population migration to urban areas or other countries; agrarian reform is supporting mixed production systems; political programs and NGO work has encouraged conservation.
  • The prices for agricultural goods have dropped, globalization has further led to lower prices because of free trade, yet, environmental funding remains one of the few strong transfers of money to rural areas. The authors assert that this forest recovery not be invisible to the conservation community.


  • General
  • Country

  • El Salvador
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