Resource Details

Evaluation of reforestation potential of 83 tree species planted on Imperata cylindrica dominated grassland – A case study from South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Literature: Journal Articles

Otsamo, A., Adjers, G., Hadi, T.S., Kuusipalo, J., & Vuokko, R. 1997, "Evaluation of reforestation potential of 83 tree species planted on Imperata cylindrica dominated grassland – A case study from South Kalimantan, Indonesia", New Forests, vol. 14, pp. 127-143.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Enso Forest Development Ltd., Reforestation and Tropical Forest Management Project (ATA-267), c/o Balai Teknologi Reboisasi Banjarbaru, Kal-Sel, Indonesia
  • Balai Teknologi Reboisasi Banjarbaru, Kal-Sel, Indonesia
  • Enso Forest Development Ltd., Imatra, Finland


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Species Info


  • Agathis borneensis
  • Albizia procera
  • Anisoptera marginata
  • Anthocephalus chinensis
  • Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Dillenia sp.
  • Dipterocarpus gracilis
  • Duabanga moluccana
  • Durio zibethinus
  • Melaleuca leucadendron
  • Parkia roxburghii
  • Peronema canescens 
  • Pometia pinnata
  • Pterocarpus indicus
  • Schima sp.
  • Trema sp.
  • Vitex cofassus
  • Adenanthera pavonina
  • Calophyllum inophyllum
  • Cassia grandis
  • Dialium indum
  • Lagerstroemia sp.
  • Octomeles sumatrana
  • Podocarpus polystachyus
  • Shorea leprosula


  • Acacia auriculiformis
  • Acacia cincinnata
  • Acacia crassicarpa
  • Acacia leptocarpa
  • Acacia mangium
  • Agathis labillardieri
  • Agathis lorantifolia
  • Cassia siamea
  • Dalbergia latifolia
  • Duabanga sp.
  • Enterolobium macrocarpum
  • Eucalyptus alba
  • Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  • Eucalyptus deglupta
  • Eucalyptus grandis
  • Eucalyptus intermedia
  • Eucalyptus pellita
  • Eucalyptus pilularis
  • Eucalyptus tereticornis
  • Eucalyptus torelliana
  • Eucalyptus urophylla
  • Gliricidia sepium
  • Gmelina arborea
  • Hymenia courbaril
  • Intsia bijuga
  • Intsia sp.
  • Leucaena leucocephala
  • Macadamia integrifolia
  • Paraserianthes falcataria
  • Pinus caribaea
  • Pinus merkusii
  • Pinus oocarpa
  • Shorea selanica
  • Swietenia macrophylla
  • Acacia aulacocarpa
  • Acacia oraria
  • Albizia frasinifolius
  • Caesalpinia sappan
  • Calliandra callothyrsus
  • Cassia fistula
  • Casuarina cunninghamiana
  • Ceiba pentandra
  • Cordia alliodora
  • Delonix regia
  • Pericopsis mooniana
  • Samanea saman
  • Schleichera oleosa
  • Sesbania formosa
  • Acacia hylonoma
  • Hevea brasiliensis
  • Khaya anthoteca
  • Mimusops elengi
  • Pterocarpus macrocarpus
  • Tabebuia crysanta
  • Tabebuia pallida
  • Tecoma stans
  • Toona australis


  • In this study, 83 tree species (native and exotic) were tested for their growth and survival in species selection trials in South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
  • The trees were planted between January 1987 and December 1988 in areas dominated by the exotic grass Imperata cylindrica and weeding was conducted twice a year.
  • After two years, the highest ranking species were the exotics Gmelina arborea, Acacia mangium, Cassia siamea, A. crassicarpa, A. leptocarpa, A. cincinnata, A. auriculiformis, and Paraserianthes falcataria.
  • Pine and eucalyptus species were not among the highest performers in this study and required high maintenance costs.
  • The best performing native species were Anthocephalus chinensis, Peronema canescens, Trema sp., Pterocarpus indicus, and Parkia roxburghii.
  • Anisoptera marginata was the only dipterocarp with a high survival rate; the other dipterocarp species had high mortality and stunted growth.
  • These trends mostly continued into the 8th year since planting.
  • The authors suggest that the abilities for the species to pair with micorhizae influenced their ability to grow quickly in Imperata grasslands; the exotic acacias quickly bind with endomychorrizae which is naturally available in the Imperata lands while pines, eucalypts, and dipterocarps needed ectomycorrhizae which was less available.
  • Because of the fast growth and crown formation, the authors recommend using the exotics successful in this study either by themselves as a first rotation or in combination with the native species to start the restoration of Imperata grasslands.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Indonesia
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