Resource Details

Growth characteristics of some native tree species used in silvopastoral systems in the humid lowlands of Costa Rica

Literature: Journal Articles

Montagnini, F., Ugalde, L., & Navarro, C. 2003, "Growth characteristics of some native tree species used in silvopastoral systems in the humid lowlands of Costa Rica", Agroforestry Systems, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 163-170.

Contact Info

Corresponding author: florencia.montagnini@yale.edu

Affiliations

  • Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza, (CATIE) 7170 Turrialba Costa Rica 7170 Turrialba Costa Rica
  • Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies 370 Prospect St. New Haven CT 06511 USA 370 Prospect St. New Haven CT 06511 USA

Link(s)

Agroforestry Systems

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.

Species Info

  • Calophyllum brasiliense
  • Vochysia guatemalensis 
  • Jacaranda copaia
  • Virola koschnyi
  • Dipterix panamensis
  • Terminalia amazonia
  • Genipa americana
  • Vochysia ferruginea 
  • Hieronyma alchorneoides
  • Balizia elegans
  • Stryphnodendrom microstachyum
  • Pseudoamanea guachapele

Description

  • In this paper, the authors present the results of 12 native species planted in abandoned pastures in Costa Rica and the suitability of those species for use in silvopastoral systems.
  • The 12 native species were planted in single species plots as well as mixtures of four species in three different plantations, with each mixed plantation having one nitrogen-fixing species.
  • For each planting treatment, there were plots that underwent thinning at three and six year from establishment and plots that underwent no thinning.
  • The total height, diameter at breast height (DBH), survival, basal area, and bole volume were compared. 
  • The authors recommend Vochysia guatemalensis for its high growth in both mixed and pure plantations, its ability to let in light for pasture grasses, and the high litterfall.
  • Calophyllum brasiliense and Dipterix panamensis had good timber quality, but slower growth; however, the authors suggest that if income from silvopastoral systems can offsett the early costs of planting the trees, the trees will later provide high value to the landowner.
  • Terminalia amazonia and Virola koschnyi also demonstrated good growth, timber quality, and ability to let light through for pastures.
  • Hieronyma alchorneoides and Vochysia ferruginea, the authors recommend wider spacing in silvopastoral systems because the litter adds nutrients to the soil but in close spacing may compete with pasture growth.
  • The authors describes, the mixtures performed very well and have the added benefit of product diversification.
  • Finally the authors explain that a national Payment for Environmental Services (PES) system can provide the economic incentives for the establishment of native tree species on pasturelands in Costa Rica.

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at elti@yale.edu to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.

     

    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute