Resource Details

Rainforest Restoration: A Guide to Principles and Practice

Literature: Available at NO COST Manuals, Guides, Reports

Mudappa, D., & Raman, T.R.S. 2010, "Rainforest Restoration: A Guide to Principles and Practice", Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.


  • Ecosystems Grants Program of the IUCN National Committee of The Neatherlands
  • Nature Conservation Foundation


Available at no cost.

Species Info

  • Actinodaphne angustifolia
  • Antidesma menasu
  • Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Atlantia racemosa
  • Bhesa indica
  • Bischofia javanica
  • Calophyllum austroindicum
  • Canarium strictum
  • Chrysophyllum lanceolatum
  • Cinnamomum malabathrum
  • Clerodendrum viscosum
  • Cullenia exarillata
  • Debregesia longifolia
  • Dimocarpus longan
  • Diospyros assimilis
  • Diospyros sylvatica
  • Drypetes wightii
  • Dysoxylum binectariferum
  • Elaeocarpus munronii
  • Elaeocarpus serratus
  • Elaeocarpus tuberculatus
  • Euodia lunu-ankenda
  • Euonymus angulatus
  • Ficus beddomei
  • Ficus nervosa
  • Ficus tsjahela
  • Filicium decipiens
  • Gomphandra coriacea
  • Heritiera papilio
  • Holigama nigra
  • Lepisanthes decipiens
  • Ligustrum perrottetii
  • Litsea floribunda
  • Litsea glabrata
  • Litsea insignis
  • Macaranga peltata
  • Maesa indica
  • Mallotus tetracoccus
  • Mastixia arborea
  • Meliosma pinnata
  • Meliosma simplicifolia
  • Mesua ferrea
  • Myristica dactyloides
  • Neolitsea zeylanica
  • Nothopegia racemosa
  • Olea dioica
  • Ormosia travancorica
  • Palaquium ellipticum
  • Persea macrantha
  • Poeciloneuron indicum
  • Prunus ceylanica
  • Scolopia crenata
  • Semecarpus travancorica
  • Sterculia guttata
  • Symplocos cochinchinensis
  • Syzygium densiflorum
  • Syzygium gardneri
  • Toona ciliata
  • Trichilia connaroides
  • Turpina malabarica
  • Vateria indica
  • Vepris bilocularis
  • Vemonia arborea


  • This document provides both an introduction to tropical forest restoration with applications worldwide and a detailed description of reforestation experiences in the Whestern Ghats of India.
  • The authors begin with comprehensive descriptions of the structure, complexity, and dynamics in the tropical rainforest ecosystem.
  • Next they describe the threats to tropical forests and explain four different concepts of "reversing forest degradation": Reforestation (or afforestation), Reclamation, Rehabilitation, and Restoration.
  • They suggest that restoration is necessary when natural recovery of local vegetation and associated animal communities will either not take place or take place extremely slowly without human intervention to assist the recovery of the degraded site.
  • The document suggests that exotic species be avoided and removed from restoration sites, except in the case of some standing exotic monoculture plantations where if weeds are removed (without cutting native forest vegetation) and native species are planted in the understory, restoation can occur.
  • In the second half of the document, the authors describe restoration actions in the Western Ghats, specifically focusing on nursery establishment, native species for restoration, plot treatment and maintenance, and invasive species control. 

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • General
  • Country

  • India
  • General
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