Resource Details

Farmer’s perceptions of silvopastoral system promotion in Quindío, Colombia

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Calle, A., Montagnini, F., & Zuluaga, A.F. 2009, "Farmer’s perceptions of silvopastoral system promotion in Quindío, Colombia", Bois et forêts des tropiques, vol. 300, no. 2, pp. 79-94.

Contact Info

Corresponding Authors:,


  • Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies 370 Prospect Street New Haven, CT 06511, USA
  • Centro para la Investigación en Sistemas Sostenibles de Producción Agropecuaria (CIPAV), Carrera 2 Oeste # 11-54 Cali, Colombia


Available at no cost Bois et forêts des tropiques

Species Info

  • Gliricidia sepium
  • Tithonia diversifolia
  • Leucaena leucocephala
  • Albizia saman
  • Cassia grandis
  • Inga spp.
  • Syagrus sancona
  • Guadua angustifolia - native bamboo


  • Silvopastoral systems (SPS) are pasture systems in which multipurpose trees, diverse livestock feeds, and other techniques are used to improve the productivity and ecosystem services in cattle production areas.
  • This article describes the results of a study evaluating farmers perceptions of SPS and the motivations and disincentives for adopting these methods on their ranches in the Quindio Province of Colombia.
  • Between 2002 and 2007, farmers in the area received payments for adopting SPS techniques as part of a project supported by the Global Environment Facility, FAO's Livestock, Environment and Development Initiative, and the World Bank.
  • Twenty-eight farmers participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences with SPS and the payments for ecosystem services.
  • Of the farmers, 39% reported reductions in input and maintenance costs, 64% mentioned an increase in the amount and quality of fodder for the cows, and 43% reported increased productivity of the cows.
  • Farmers also reported improvements in water quality, soil quality, and biodiversity.
  • The authors report different types of barriers that were observed among some of the farmers: lack of investment capacity (or economic incentives); difficulty in finding skilled workers to establish and manage SPS; overcoming preconceived negative ideas about SPS; social issues involved in going against mainstream practices; and difficulty of the implementation (gathering seed, growing seedlings, maintaining seedlings, etc).
  • Overall, the authors recommend permanet adoption of SPS will be likely if if farmers a) understand the direct and indirect links between productivity and environmental degradation, b) perceive benefits immediately after implementing the SPS,  c) can overcome the investment barriers, and d) are given technical support to overcome information barriers.

Geographical Region

  • Andean Region
  • Country

  • Colombia
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