Resource Details

Restoring rainforest fragments: Survival of mixed-native species seedlings under contrasting site conditions in the Western Ghats, India

Literature: Journal Articles

Raman, T.R.S., Mudappa, D. & Kapoor, V. 2009, "Restoring rainforest fragments: Survival of mixed-native species seedlings under contrasting site conditions in the Western Ghats, India", Restoration Ecology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 137-147.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Nature Conservation Foundation, 3076/5 IV Cross, Gokulam Park, Mysore 570 002, India


Restoration Ecology

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Species Info

  • Holigarna nigra
  • Nothopegia racemosa
  • Semecarpus travancorica
  • Bischofia javanica
  • Cullenia exarillata
  • Bhesa indica
  • Euonymus angulatus
  • Calophyllum austroindicum
  • Mesua ferrea
  • Vateria indica
  • Elaeocarpus munronii
  • Elaeocarpus serratus
  • Elaeocarpus tuberculatus
  • Actinodaphne spp.
  • Cinnamomum malabathrum
  • Lauraceae sp.
  • Litsea insignis
  • Litsea oleoides
  • Litsea stocksii
  • Persea macrantha
  • Michelia champaca
  • Aglaia exstipulata
  • Trichilia connaroides
  • Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Ficus beddomei
  • Ficus nervosa
  • Myristica dactyloides
  • Maesa indica
  • Syzygium densiflorum
  • Syzygium gardneri
  • Syzygium racemosa
  • Syzygium spp.
  • Olea dioica
  • Ormosia travancorica
  • Prunus ceylanica
  • Atalantia racemosa
  • Vepris bilocularis
  • Dimocarpus longan
  • Filicium decipiens
  • Lepisanthes decipiens
  • Palaquium ellipticum
  • Sterculia guttata
  • Antidesma menasu
  • Clerodendrum viscosum


  • This article presents findings on survival of native tree species planted in different degraded landscapes in the Western Ghats of India.
  • The authors tested 127 species in nine sites: open meadow, open land covered with the invasive plant Lantana camara, abandoned exotic tree plantations of Eucalyptus grandis and Maesopsis eminii, and sites with mixed native and exotic tree cover.
  • The authors found a very negatively effect of weed cover on the survival of native seedlings.
  • Survival was lower in areas where weeding only lasted 6 months, versus two years.
  • The highest survival (90.3%) by site was in the open meadow where weeds had not invaded.
  • Survival was measured every 6 months, and was found to be higher during the 6 month periods that overlapped the wet season June-September.
  • For all the sites together, after two years, 27 of the species had higher than 50% survival.
  • Pioneer species Clerodendrum viscosum and Maesa indica as well as mature forest species Syzygium gardneri, Ficus beddomei, Michelia champaca, and Meusa ferrea had the highest survival (above 80%).
  • The results show that, with proper weeding of competing regrowth, restoration plantings can have suitable survival rates after two years since planting.

Geographical Region

  • South Asia
  • Country

  • India
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