Resource Details

Restoration of degraded forest land in Thailand: the case of Khao Kho

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Marghescu, T. 2001, "Restoration of degraded forest land in Thailand: the case of Khao Kho", Unasylva, vol. 52, no. 207, pp. 52-54.


  • Food and Agricultural Organization



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Species Info

  • Azadirachta indica
  • Cassia siamea
  • Morus alba
  • Sesbania grandiflora
  • Cajanus cajan
  • Leucaena leucocephala
  • Mangifera caloneura
  • Thyrsostachys siamensis
  • Bambusa arundinacea
  • Bambusa blumeana
  • Dendrocalamus strictus
  • Eucalyptus camadulensis
  • Pinus kesiya
  • Pinus carribea
  • Pterocarpus macrocarpus
  • Betula alnoides
  • Docynia indica
  • Peltophorum dasyrachis
  • Swietenia macrophylla
  • Kylia kerrii
  • Acacia mangium
  • Eucalyptus urophylla
  • Ecualyptus deglupta
  • Pterocarpus macrocarpus
  • Xylia kerrii
  • Lagerstroemia spp.
  • Nauclea orientalis
  • Mangifera caloneura
  • Choerospondias axillaris
  • Dendrocalamus strictus
  • Thyrsostachys siamensis
  • Bambusa arundinacea
  • Hopea odorata
  • Dipterocarpus alatus
  • Afzelia xylocarpa
  • Chukrasia velutina
  • Azadirachta excelsa
  • Dipterocarpus alatus
  • Hopea odorata
  • Bambusa arundinacea
  • Eucalyptus deglupta
  • Tectona grandis
  • Afzelia xylocarpa
  • Xylia kerrii
  • Azadirachta indica


  • This article outlines the progress of a tropical reforestation project in Thailand, beginning with an introduction to the history of the local land degradation and an early attempt at reforestation.
  • Initial attempts to reforest the area encountered the following difficulties: a lack of acceptance by the local population, improper planting of trees in downhill rows leading to erosion, poor selection of trees and planting in monoculture blocks without regard to microclimate conditions.
  • To improve restoration efforts, remaining forest plots were surveyed and a list of native species was compiled.
  • The species used for reforestation in the project were diversified to include more than 30 native species which were then planted according to seven distinct site types (based on soil moisture availability, elevations, degree of erosion, and the degree of human influence and demand).
  • The article includes a table outlining the seven site types, as well as the species which were identified as appropriate for each site type.
  • The project also diminished problems from erosion by planting in contour lines, which they established with a simple A-frame.
  • Another major component of the project which allowed for success of natural regeneration was providing landless families with land allotments and employment.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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