Resource Details

Combinations of trees and crops in the taungya method as applied in Thailand

Literature: Journal Articles

Watanabe, H., Sahunalu, P. & Khemnark, C. 1988, "Combinations of trees and crops in the taungya method as applied in Thailand", Agroforestry Systems, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 169-177.


  • Faculty of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606, Japan
  • Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkhen, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand


Agroforestry Systems

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Species Info

  • Melia azedarach
  • Dipterocarpus alatus
  • Casuarina junquiana
  • Hevea brasiliensis (exotic)
  • Euxalyptus camaldulensis (exotic)
  • Tectona grandis (exotic)
  • Leucaena leucocephala (exotic)


  • This article describes the revised 'taungya' method used in Thailand for reforestation and agroforestry in the 1980s.
  • As part of the Forest Village Programme, landless people were given 1.6 ha of land to reforest and raise their crops.
  • There are four major types of tree-crop combinations that relate to the different climate conditions in Thailand.
  • The authors describe those combinations as (A) in the north Tectona grandis, upland rice, maize, and sorghum; (B) in the northeast Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Melia azedarach, Leucaena leucocephala, and cassava; (C) in the west Melia azedarachta, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, sorghum and maize; and (D) in the south Dipterocarpus alatus, Hevea brasiliensis, Leucaena leucocephala, Melia azedarach, Casuarina junquiana, cashew nut, banana, pineapple, and coffee.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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