Resource Details

Cattle and Weedy Shrubs as Restoration Tools of Tropical Montane Rainforest

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Posada, J.M., Aide, T.M, and Cavelier, J. 2000, "Cattle and Weedy Shrubs as Restoration Tools of Tropical Montane Rainforest", Restoration Ecology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 370-379.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Department of Botany, University of Florida, 220 Bartram Hall, P.O. Box 118526, Gainesville, FL 32611–8526, U.S.A.
  • Department of Biology, P.O. Box 23360, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931–3360
  • Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, AA 4976, Bogotá, Colombia


University of Puerto Rico

Full Access to this document is available for no cost at the link above.


  • This article details an experiment in Colombian montane pastures dominated by two African grasses, Pennisetum clandestinum and Melinis minutiflora, to determine the effect of cattle grazing and seed addition on the establishment and growth of woody species.
  • The results show that a low density of grazing cattle may increase the total density, number of branches, and basal area of woody species while decreasing overall woody species diversity.
  • On pastures dominated by P. clandestinum the overall density and basal area of woody species was lower than on pastures dominated by M. minutiflora
  • In the grazed areas, two shrubs, Baccharis latifolia and Salvia sp. were found to be the most common.
  • Due to grazing and shade from shrubs, the total herbaceous vegetation was reduced from 52 to 92%.
  • Where seed was added to the pasture, woody species seedling establishment significantly increased and an interaction effect was found to exist between added seed and grazing suggesting that grazing increases seedling establishment due to added seed.
  • The authors exert that grazing cattle may aide restoration by limiting grassy vegetation and allowing for the establishment of woody shrubs which provide a favorable microclimate for the establishment of tree species.

Geographical Region

  • Andean Region
  • Ecosystems

  • Montane Forest
  • Country

  • Colombia
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute