Resource Details

Growth and effects of thinning of mixed and pure plantations with native trees in humid tropical Costa Rica

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Piotto, D., Montagnini, F., Ugalde, L. & Kanninen, M. 2003, "Growth and effects of thinning of mixed and pure plantations with native trees in humid tropical Costa Rica", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 177, no. 1-3, pp. 427-439.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Rua Afonso Brás 295, Conj. 01, Vila Nova Conceicao, CEP 04511-011, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Stret, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
  • Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), 7170 Turrialba, Costa Rica


Yale University

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Species Info

  • Calophyllum brasiliense
  • Genipa americana
  • Vochysia guatemalensis
  • Stryphnodendron microstachyum
  • Jacaranda copaia
  • Pseudosamanea guachapele
  • Terminalia amazonia
  • Virola koschnyi
  • Dorstenia panamensis
  • Balizia elegans
  • Hyeronima alchorneoides
  • Vochysia ferruginia


  • This study examines differences in survival and growth of native species in pure and mixed-species plantations treated with varying degrees of thinning, with a focus on the applicability to long-term management of native species plantations for owners of small and medium-sized farms.
  • Three plantations with four species each, including pure and mixed-species plots, were established; each plot was divided in half, with one half thinned and the other not thinned.
  • Measurements were compared between both pure and mixed-species plots, and between thinned and non-thinned plots.
  • In all three plantations, all species showed better survival in the mixed-species plots, with the exception of Genipa americana which had lower survival, diameter and height growth in the mixed-species plots.
  • Differences in tree diameter were significantly higher in the thinned subplots versus the non-thinned subplots, except for H. alchorneoides and B. elegans.
  • Basal area and tree volume were found to be highest in the non-thinned subplots.
  • By species, the trees with the best growth were V. guatemalensis, T. amazonia, J. copaia, V. koschnyi and V. ferruginea.
  • In pure-stands, the species with the best growth were C. brasiliense and G. americana.

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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