Resource Details

Pure and mixed forest plantations with native species of the dry tropics of Costa Rica: a comparison of growth and productivity

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Piotto, D., Viquez, E., Montagnini, F. & Kanninen, M. 2004, "Pure and mixed forest plantations with native species of the dry tropics of Costa Rica: a comparison of growth and productivity", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 190, no. 2-3, pp. 359-372.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Geotec Consultoria, Rua Estado de Israel 30, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04022-000, Brazil
  • Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), 7170 Turrialba, Costa Rica
  • Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
  • Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), 16680 Bogor Barat, Indonesia



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Species Info

  • Samanea saman
  • Dalbergia retusa
  • Astronium graveolens
  • Swietenia macrophylla
  • Terminalia oblonga
  • Anarcadium excelsum
  • Pseudosamanea guachapele
  • Schizolobium parahyba
  • Cedrela odorata
  • Platymiscium pinnatum
  • Vatairea lundelli
  • Sterculia apetala
  • Platymiscium parviflorum
  • Tectona grandis (exotic)


  • This research monitored the growth and survival of 13 natives species in pure and mixed-species plantations, and compared the results to measurements of T. grandis, an exotic species commonly planted in the area.
  • Two plantations were established and divided into single- and mixed-species plots; one plantation contained 7 slower growing native species and the other contained 7 relatively faster growing native species.
  • T. grandiswas planted in a single-species plot trial and was found to have significantly higher productivity than all of the native species.
  • In the slow growth plantation, D. retusa and S. saman had the highest survival rates and the best growth rates, while S. parahyba and C. odorata had the highest mortality rates.
  • In the fast growth plantation, P. guachapele had the highest survival rate while all other species showed high moratality rates; S. parahyba exhibited the highest growth rates.
  • Of the native species, S. saman, D. retusa, and S. macrophylla were the most productive, with the highest recorded basal areas besides T. grandis., when planted in single-species plots.
  • Most species, in both plantation types, tended to have faster growth in mixed-species plots, with the exception of P. pinnatum and S. saman.
  • The high mortality of C. odorata may have resulted from its sensitivity to drought during establishment and multiple shoot borer attacks.
  • The authors recommend the use of mixed-species plantations as opposed to pure stands given the superior growth that was observed and the provision of multiple goods and services that they provide.

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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