Resource Details

Michelin Ecological Reserve

Project: Project - Business or Private

Contact Info

Kevin Flesher, Center for Biodiversity Studies, Michelin Ecological Reserve:


  • Michelin
  • Ouro Verde Bahia Project



Species Info

Over 200 native species have been used for this project. Most of the seed was collected from nearby forests (within 50km of the site, most within 20km) and not all of the trees have been identified to species.


  • Michelin's ecological reserve takes place on 3,000 ha of land where 600 ha are active rubber groves.
  • The reserve was created in 2005 in which, unlike conventional rubber production, the natural regeneration between rubber lines has been allowed to grow back.
  • So that the regenerating forest was not only composed of pioneer species, the program engaged in enrichment planting with saplings of mature forest species.
  • Early efforts resulted in high mortality due to vine infestation and consisted of the purchasing and planting of non-native saplings.
  • In 2006, the project changed directions with different maintenance and seed production methods.
  • Instead of buying trees, seeds were collected from the nearby forests, and local nurseries were established to germinate and prepare the trees for planting in the reserve.
  • Since the methods were revised, mortality has been less than 20%.
  • Over 90,000 trees have been planted with over 200 native species, the last planting of the project is scheduled for Mary 2012, and the replanting is scheduled to occur in areas that had high mortality in the past.
  • The project has also engaged in long-term monitoring of mammals and birds as well as scientific studies on restoration conducted by Master's and Doctoral Students who have visited the site for their research.
  • Future plans include wrapping up the planting phase and engaging more heavily in maintenance and scientific research on the site.

Geographical Region

  • Coastal Atlantic South America
  • Country

  • Brazil
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute