Resource Details

Cloning of erect, thornless, non-browsed nitrogen fixing trees of Haiti's principal fuelwood species (Prosopis juliflora)

Literature: Journal Articles

Wojtusik, T., Felker, P., Russell, E.J. & Benge, M.D. 1993, "Cloning of erect, thornless, non-browsed nitrogen fixing trees of Haiti's principal fuelwood species (Prosopis juliflora)", Agroforestry Systems, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 293-300.


  • Center for Semi-Arid Forest Resources, Texas A&I University, Kingsville, TX 78363
  • Baptist Haiti Mission, MFI, P.O. Box 15665, W. Palm Beach, FL 33406
  • U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523


Agroforestry Systems

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the website the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.

Species Info

  • Prosopis juliflora
  • Prosopis alba


  • In Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Prosopis species provide the material for charcoal production, supplied firewood, fixes nitrogen, an provides sugar in its seed pods.
  • In this study, the authors tested Prosopis plants from different provenances originating from Haiti, Peru, Chile, Argentina, and the southwestern U.S.
  • Height and biomass was calculated at four years since planting.
  • The tallest six varieties of Prosopis were of Peruvian origin growing 3.0-3.7m and 6.7-10.0kg in 46 months.
  • Despite an electric fence, goats consumed much of the thornless Prosopis alba trees, but the thornless Peruvian trees were untouched.
  • The four varieties with the tallest, most straight form (three spineless, one spiny) were selected for cloning trials and grafted onto Prosopis alba rootstocks.
  • The clones were raised in a nursery in Texas and then sent back to Haiti and around the world, where there were found to survive saline conditions and provide fuelwood in Senegal, Sudan, Pakistan, and India.
  • The authors relate their findings to reports that Prosopis juliflora originally diversified in the Peruvian/Ecuadorian region.

Geographical Region

  • Caribbean Islands
  • Country

  • Haiti
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute