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Emerging threats and opportunities for large-scale ecological restoration in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Calmon, M., Brancalion, P.H.S., Paese, A., Aronson, J., Castro, P., Silva, S.C., Rodrigues, R.R. 2011, “Emerging threats and opportunities for large-scale ecological restoration in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil”, Restoration Ecology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 154-158.

Contact Info


  • Instituto BioAtlântica (IBIO), Rua Goethe, 75, 22281-020 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Departamento de Ciências Florestais, Esalq, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Pádua Dias 11, 13.418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Programa de Pós-graduação em Biodiversidade Tropical, Universidade Federal do Amapá, Rod. Juscelino Kubitschek, KM-02, 68.902-280 Macapá, Amapá, Brazil
  • Center of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology (C.N.R.S. -UMR 5175), Montpellier, France
  • Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO 63110, U.S.A.
  • Reserva da Biosfera da Mata Atlântica, Rua do Horto, 931, 02377-000 São Paulo,Brazil
  • Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, ESALQ, Universidade de São Paulo,Avenida Pádua Dias 11, 13.418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil


Restoration Ecology

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  • This opinion article presents a policy model known as the Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact (AFRP), as well as discussing the vital role the Brazilian Forest Act and other legislation has played in preventing deforestation and encouraging reforestation.
  • The Forest Act of 1934 has been vital in curbing deforestation, particularly in agricultural frontiers, and the authors estimate that changes in the act could reduce potential areas for restoration by 6 million hectares.
  • The authors stress that, should proposed reforms of the Brazilian Forest Act be approved, the primary impact on the Atlantic Forest would be a decline in the effectiveness of reforestation schemes.  Part of the strategy of the AFRP is based on landowner compliance with the Forest Act.
  • The AFRP is a joint effort of NGOs, the private sector, government, and research institutions that proposes the restoration of 15 million hectares of Atlantic Forest by 2050, increasing forest cover to 30%.
  • Through promotion of biodiversity, job generation, providing ecosystem services, and incentives to landowners, the AFRP seeks to achieve these goals by restoring natural capital at various scales.

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  • Brazil
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