Resource Details

Creative Ecology: Restoration of Native Forests by Native Trees

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Miyawaki, A. 1999, "Creative Ecology: Restoration of Native Forests by Native Trees", Plant Biotechnology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 15-25.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author: miyawaki@jise,


  • Japanese Center for International Studies in Ecology (JISE) and Nagano Nature Conservation Research Institute (NACRI). Japan


Available at no cost

Species Info

Species planted in Malaysia

  • Shorea atrinervosa
  • Shorea balanocarpoides
  • Shorea beccariana
  • Shorea brunnescens
  • Shorea crassa
  • Shorea dasyphylla
  • Shorea domatiosa
  • Shorea gibbosa
  • Shorea glaucescens
  • Shorea laxa
  • Shorea leprosula
  • Shorea macrophylla
  • Shorea macroptera
  • Shorea maxwelliana
  • Shorea mecistopteryx
  • Shorea multlflora
  • Shorea ovata
  • Shorea parvlfolia
  • Shorea pauaflora
  • Shorea rubella
  • Shorea scaberrima
  • Shorea scabrida
  • Shorea venulosa
  • Hopea beccariana
  • Hopea bracteata
  • Hopea kerangasensis
  • Hopea pentanervia
  • Parashorea parvlfolia
  • Parashorea smythiesii
  • Dryobalanops aromatica
  • Dryobalanops beccarii
  • Dipterocarpus rigidus
  • Dipterocarpus stellatus
  • Cotylelobium burckii
  • Cotylelobium malayanum
  • Cotylelobium melanoxylon
  • Upuna borneensis
  • Vatica cuspidata
  • Vatica mangachapoi
  • Vatica nitens
  • Vatica venulosa
  • Dracontomelon dao
  • Gluta wallichii
  • Manglfera pajang
  • Parishia insignis
  • Parishia maingayi
  • Pentaspadon motleyi
  • Neouvaria acuminatissima
  • Alstonia angustlfolia
  • Alstonia angustiloba
  • AIstonia scholaris
  • Durio carinatus
  • Durio zibethinus
  • Dacryodes costata
  • Santiria megaphylla
  • Diospyros sarawakana
  • Baccaurea angulata
  • Baccaurea bracteata
  • Baccaurea lanceolata
  • Elateriospermum tapos
  • Calophyllum ferrugineum
  • Calophyllum macropodum
  • Calophyllum nodosum
  • Calophyllum sclerophyllum
  • Garcinia cuspidata
  • Stemonurus scorpioides
  • Eusideroxylon zwagerri
  • Litsea sp.
  • Barringtonia sp.
  • Archidendron ellipticum
  • Dialium sp.
  • Koompasia malaccensis
  • Sandoricum koetjape
  • Artocarpus integer
  • Artocarpus rigidus
  • Parartocarpus venunosus
  • Engenia castanea
  • Engenia chrysantha
  • Engenia grandis
  • Engenia hoseana
  • Engenia lineata
  • Engenia ochnecarpa
  • Tristania beccarii
  • Whiteodendron mountonianum
  • Sarcotheca glauca
  • Pometia pinnata
  • Ganua pierrei
  • Palaquium gutta
  • Scaphium macropodum
  • Eurycoma longlfolia
  • Gonystylus maingayi


  • This article describes how the "native forests by native trees" restoration method used in Japan was applied to reforestation in Malaysia, and later in Brazil, Chile, and parts of China.
  • The author first describes processes of investigating species mixtures from natural forests, collecting seeds of native species, creating vegetation maps, evaluating natural regeneration, preparing potted seedlings in a nursery setting, dense and mixed planting of species, and mulching and weeding around the trees.
  • Beginning in 1990, a restoration project was established as a joint program between the Mitsubishi Corporation and the University of Agriculture in Malaysia.
  • Using the results of prior field investigations for species selection, 91 species were planted on 800 ha of land on the university campus (in Sarawak state).
  • The author provide charts to describe the way that mixed plantations can result in quasi-natural forests over the course of 50 years, a process that the authors stress is quicker than the hundreds of years it would take for the area to regenerate naturally.

Geographical Region

  • General
  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Malaysia
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