Resource Details

Facilitating regeneration of secondary forests with the use of mixed and pure plantations of indigenous tree species

Literature: Journal Articles

Carnevale, N.J. & Montagnini, F. 2002, "Facilitating regeneration of secondary forests with the use of mixed and pure plantations of indigenous tree species", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 163, no. 1-3, pp. 217-227.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • National University of Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina Management and Conservation of Forests and Biodiversity
  • Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE)


Forest Ecology & Management

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Species Info

  • Vochysia ferruginea
  • Balizia elegans
  • Genipa americana
  • Mixed Plantations


  • This research presents the abundance and diversity of woody species regenerating under tropical plantations (mixed and single-species) and a control of natural regeneration.
  • The most abundance of seedlings and saplings was found in the mixed plantation (10,156 individuals/ha) and the plantation of Hieronyma alchorneoides (7891 individuals/ha).
  • The highest diversity of tree species was found in the mixed plantation (11.2 species in 32 square meters) and Vochysia ferruginea plantation (8.2 species in 32 square meters).
  • The natural regeneration plot (control) had the lowest abundance and diversity of tree species with only 703 individuals/ha and 0.7 species per 32 square meters.
  • There was significant correlation between number of individuals and degree of canopy shading.
  • The author's hypothesis that tree species diversity will be more in mixed plantations than pure species plantations (and natural regeneration plots) was upheld by the results of this study.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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