Resource Details

Agroforestry for ecosystem services and environmental benefits: an overview

Literature: Journal Articles

Jose, S. 2009, "Agroforestry for ecosystem services and environmental benefits: an overview," Agroforestry Systems, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 1-10.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 351 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA


Agroforestry Systems

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  • This article reviews research on the ecosystem services and environmental benefits of agroforestry, focusing on the following: 1) carbon sequestration, 2) biodiversity conservation, 3) soil enrichment, and 4) air and water quality.
  • Agroforestry systems can increase carbon sequestration in both above- and belowground biomass; the exact amount of carbon sequestered varies with the system, but may increase with higher species richness and tree density.
  • Compared to row crops, agroforestry systems have been shown to improve soil quality. 
  • The conservation of biodiversity may also be promoted by agroforestry systems which serve as habitat for species that can tolerate some disturbance, buffers for surrounding habitat, and corridors between habitat remnants.
  • Agroforestry practices have also been shown to play a role in improving air and water quality.
  • Riparian buffers may diminish agricultural runoff into streams, effectively reducing nonpoint source pollution.
  • The author promotes agroforestry as an integral part of a multifunctional working landscape.

Geographical Region

  • General
  • Ecosystems

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