Resource Details

Early Woody Invasion Under Tree Plantations in Costa Rica: Implications for Forest Restoration

Literature: Journal Articles

Guariguata, M.R., Rheingans, R. & Montagnini, F. 1995, "Early Woody Invasion Under Tree Plantations in Costa Rica: Implications for Forest Restoration", Restoration Ecology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 252-260.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Center for International Forestry Research, P.O. Box 6596, Jakarta 10065, Indonesia
  • School of Forestry and Environment Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06511, U.S.A
  • CATIE, Apartado 7170, Turrialba, Costa Rica.


Restoration Ecology

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Species Info

  • Vochysia guatemalensis
  • Stryphnodendron microstachyum
  • Calophyllum brasiliense


  • This study evaluates the regeneration of woody plants, the amount of herbaceous cover, and the light conditions in the understory of 3 year-old mixed and single-species plantations in Costa Rica.
  • Single species plots were of the native species Jacaranda copaia and Vochysia guatemalensis.
  • The highest density of tree seedlings was found in the understory of Vochysia plantations and the highest density of shrubs and herbaceous plants was found in the understory of Jacaranda, followed by the mixed plantations.
  • The mixed plantation had the highest variation in light and structural complexity; however, there was no significant difference in understory diversity in the mixed species treatment compared to the others.
  • The authors suggest that plantations can indeed encourage understory regeneration and that more information is needed to understand how different tree species influence understory colonization.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Southern Central America
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Costa Rica
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