Resource Details

Biodiversity Conservation in Traditional Coffee Systems of Mexico

Literature: Journal Articles

Moguel, P. & Toledo, V.M. 2001, "Biodiversity Conservation in Traditional Coffee Systems of Mexico," Conservation Biology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 11-21.


  • Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
  • Instituto de Ecología, National University of Mexico, Apdo. 41-H Sta. María Guido, Morelia, Michoacán 58090, Mexico


Conservation Biology

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  • This article discusses the superior capacity of traditional coffee agroforestry systems for maintaining biodiversity levels, which the authors support with quantitative data and comparisons between coffee management types.
  • Five principle coffee plantation systems are described based on differing vegetational and structural complexity: (1) traditional rustic, (2) traditional polyculture, (3) commercial polyculture, (4) shaded monoculture, and (5) unshaded monoculture.
  • Biodiversity levels in the different systems are discussed including information on herbaceous, arthropod, bird, mammal, amphibian and reptile diversity.
  • Traditional coffee systems were found to harbor the highest levels of biodiversity and, also, biodiversity levels increased with the number of arboreal species.
  • Of the total coffee growing area in Mexico, the authors estimate that 60% to 70% is under traditional management.
  • The authors identify traditional coffee systems as important for inclusion in conservation efforts in Mexico, and point out that at least 14 of 155 priority conservation areas overlap with or are near traditional coffee plantations.


  • Mexico
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