Resource Details

The political economy of reforestation and forest restoration in Asia-Pacific: critical issues for REDD+

Literature: Journal Articles

Barr, C., Sayer, J. 2012, "The political economy of reforestation and forest restoration in Asia-Pacific: critical issues for REDD+", Biological Conservation.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • Woods & Wayside International, 19-1/2 Blackwell Avenue, Hopewell, NJ 08525, USA
  • School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia


Biodiversity Conservation

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.


  • This study examines the political and economic factors that have commonly shaped reforestation and forest restoration initiatives in the greater Asia-Pacific region.
  • The authors draw on case studies from literature on tree-planting schemes in Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, India, and China to highlight a set of risk factors that will need to be anticipated and addressed in order for REDD+ projects in the Asia-Pacific to achieve their objectives in a sustainable and equitable manner.
  • It is argued that the design and implementation of reforestation and forest restoration initiatives have been influenced by forest rent distribution practices of state forest bureaucracies, by the accumulation strategies of corporate actors involved in increasingly globalized supply chains.
  • It is argued that these factors have frequently exacerbated existing inequalities in the forest sector by concentrating resources for powerful political and economic actors, and that this has been detrimental for forest-dependent communities. 
  • The authors recommend rights-based spatial planning, equitable and accountable distribution of financial incentives, improved financial governance to prevent corruption and fraud, policy reform to remove perverse incentives for forest conversion, and strengthening of economic benefits and safeguards for small-holders.


  • General
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute