Resource Details

Explaining success on the commons: Community forest governance in the Indian Himalaya

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Agrawal, A., Chhatre, A. 2006, "Explaining success on the commons: Community forestgovernance in the Indian Himalaya", World Development, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 149-166.


  • University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
  • Duke University, Durham, USA


University of Michigan

Full Access to this document is available for no cost at the link above.


  • This study seeks to show how a range of causal influences shape forest conditions in diverse ecological and institutional setting in the Indian Himalaya by conducting a context-sensitive statistical analysis on 95 cases of decentralized, community-based forest governance in Himachal Pradesh.
  • The authors target their analysis on underlying institutional variables that are common to different community-level governance systems or regimes.
  • This study attempts to include biophysical, economic, social, political, and demographic context into their consideration of governance institutions and underlying causal factors. For example, five demographic variables are used in their analysis, including population size, population change, grazing of migratory sheep, cattle-months, and cattle numbers. 
  • The authors find a range of variables across the 95 cases that have a significant relationship to forest condition, indluing rainfall, distance to market, population change, whether a guard is being used, and gender relations. 
  • It is recommended that similar analysis attempt to do similar multivariate, large-N driven analysis to detect patterns in large amounts of data, and also that an intimate knowledge of field conditions is critical to interpreting statistical patterns.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems


  • India
  • Subject

    This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute