Resource Details

Towards an ecology-based strategy for the reforestation of Imperata cylindrica grasslands in East Kalimantan

Literature: Books or Book Chapters Available at NO COST

Tolkamp, G., Priadjati, A., Effendi, R. "Towards an ecology-based strategy for the reforestation of Imperata cylindrica grasslands in East Kalimantan", in The Balance between Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use of Tropical Rain Forests


Tropenbos International

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.

Also available at no cost tolkamp.pdf


Species Info

  • Imperata cylindrica
  • Acacia mangium
  • Peronema canescens
  • Shorea leprosula


  • This chapter assesses an ecology-based strategy to accelerate the reforestation of grassland towards a dipterocarp-dominated plantation with natural regeneration occuring.
  • A pioneer plantation was established in 1996 and has been shown that the prerequisites for successful reforestation are the selection of both pioneer and dipterocarp species and the application of appropriate fertilizers.
  • In Indonesia, this ecology-based strategy was used for the reforestation of 30 ha of Imperata cylindrica grasslands from 1998 to 1999 using a mixture of species. 
  • Peronema canescens was used during the first phase of grassland reforestation.  Hardwood cuttings of Peronema canescens were propagated, and unrooted branch cuttings were interplanted with Shorea leprosula.
  • The authors recommend this type of multi-species plantation for accelerating Imperata grasslands reforestation.
  • Overall, land tenure issues, poor infrastructure and transportation problems affected the execution of reforestation activities.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • Indonesia
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute