Resource Details

Are mangroves worth replanting? The direct economic benefits of a community-based reforestation project

Literature: Journal Articles

Walton, M., Samonte-Tan, G., Primavera, J., Edwards-Jones, G., Le Vay, L. 2006, "Are mangroves worth replanting? The direct economic benefits of a community-based reforestation project", Environmental Conservation, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 335-343.

Contact Info

Corresponding author:


  • School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL59 5AB, Wales, UK
  • Faculty of Management and Development Studies, University of the Philippines Open University College, Los Banos, Laguna 403, Philippines
  • Aquaculture Department, South-east Asian Fisheries Development Center, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines
  • School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2UW, Wales, UK


Environmental Conservation

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  • This study examines the socioeconomic impacts of a community-led reforestation project in the Philippines through a survey of the local fishers.
  • The objective of this study was to examine all economic benefits (not just timber products), including fishery landings, through a socio-economic survey using a questionnaire-based technique designed to assess the value of fisheries activities and the attitudes and socioeconomic background of the fishers.
  • Revenues from mangrove fisheries, tourism, and timber result in an annual benefit to the community of around US$315 ha (-1) yr(-1).
  • More than 90% of all fishers thought the mangrove provided protection from storms and typhoons and acted as a nursery site and should be protected.  Those fishing only in the mangrove perceived more benefits from the mangrove and were prepared to pay more to protect it than those fishing outside.
  • The authors conclude that replanting mangrove can have a significant economic impact on the lives of coastal communities.
  • The authors argue for the value of replanting mangroves (compared with other coastal activities) and the benefits they provide to economically-vulnerable coastal populations should support better policy and decision making for coastal habitat restoration.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Mangrove
  • Country

  • Philippines
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