Resource Details

Linking reforestation policies with land use change in northern Vietnam: Why local factors matter

Literature: Journal Articles

Clement, F. & Amezaga, J.M. 2008, "Linking reforestation policies with land use change in northern Vietnam: Why local factors matter", Geoforum, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 265-277.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, UK
  • Institute for Research on Environment and Sustainability (IRES), Newcastle University, UK



Selecting the link above redirects this page to the article on the journal website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.


  • The authors find that reforestation was not a direct result of the government policies designed to promote it.
  • Using a modified version of the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, they evaluate farmers' decisions regarding upland management and land use in three villages.
  • Analyzing cases in which farmers stopped cropping and started planting trees, they found that few farmers actually stopped farming because they preferred to reforest.
  • The main reasons were poor soil fertility and grazing possibilities.
  • Additionally, domino effects took place in which one farmer stopping cultivation encouraged another farmer to change as well because the farmer could not protect their land from livestock and buffalo.
  • Farmers chose reforestation for other reasons: nothing else could grow (24%), fuelwood (19%), government subsidies (19%), and other factors.
  • The authors assert that tree plantations are not sustainable in Vietnam because it is not financially attractive, the government only provided exotic (Acacia or Eucalyptus spp.) tree saplings that degraded the soil, the retoric on why reforestation is environmentally and socially beneficial is too simplistic.
  • The authors assert that, instead, local factors need to be considered as a key part of encouraging reforestation.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Vietnam
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute