Resource Details

Reforestation of the Abutia Plains by indigenous communities in the Volta Basin (Ghana) ex post evaluation

Project: Available at NO COST Project - Nonprofit

Dourojeanni, M.J. & Sève, J.E. 2006, Reforestation of the Abutia Plains by Indigenous Communities in the Volta Basin (Ghana) Ex Post Evaluation. ITTO, Reforestation and Forest Management. International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO).


  • International Tropical Timber Council, Committee on Reforestation and Forest Management


Species Info

  • Tectona grandis (Exotic)
  • Cassia siamea (Exotic)
  • Fruit trees


  • This project is intended to support community-based reforestation activities in order to arrest and reverse the deterioration of tropical forests belonging to indigenous communities in the Abutia Plains of Ghana. The areas to be rehabilitated are 1,360 ha using an exotic species (Tectona grandis) and fruit trees.
  • The area selected for the study was previously covered by natural moist semi-evergreen forest on rich brown well-drained soil. Past evaluation suggest that the land is capable of carrying teak plantation. This is because the area was so degraded that natural regeneration could not be encouraged but rather artificial regeneration.
  • Teak was chosen because of the direct economic benefits in the form of timber to the wood industry at age 20-25 years. In addition short-term benefits from firewood will be realized. This project provided communities regular income from the fruit trees.
  • 750 ha of land have been planted in monocultures with about 800,000 teak seedlings raised and planted. The average survival rate was about 70%. In addition, 600 ha of teak, friut trees and Cassia siamea have been planted. Indigenous communities have been trained in agro-forestry techniques, plantation establishment and management. The project has contributed to preventing encroachment into Abutia Forest Reserve and Kalakpa Nature Reserve.
  • In the long-term and in accordance with the new Ghana Forest Policy, the project will support local communities by providing 65% revenues from sale of plantation timber to communities.
  • Overall some lessons learned were that project managers should prepare for unfavorable weather conditions/ long periods of drought that could potentially delay the project start off. It is important for project managers to have training in conflict resolution to ensure the smooth running of projects. Also to ensure early participatory meetings with local communities before the start of a reforestation project involving local community groups.
  • They recommend that land tenure rights should be investigated before the start of reforestation projects. Also, the design of any community reforestation project should be participatory with wide consultations and communications with local groups.

Geographical Region

  • West Africa
  • Country

  • Ghana
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    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute