Resource Details

Rehabilitation of Degraded Forests through the Collaboration of Local Communities in the Dormaa District of the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana

Project: Available at NO COST Manuals, Guides, Reports

Blay, D. 2004, Rehabilitation of degraded forests through the collaboration of local communities in the Dormaa District of Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana In P. Wood & M. A. Yapi (eds.), Proceedings on Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Learned from Selected Case Studies, pp. 31–35. IUFRO.


  • Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, Kumasi, Ghana


Species Info

  • Entandrophragma utile
  • Khaya senegalensis
  • Khaya ivorensis
  • Terminalia ivorensis
  • Terminalia superba
  • Cedrela odorata (Exotic)


  • The project was conducted in 9 rural communities covering 3 forest districts in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. This area is the most productive forest zone in Ghana with a soil structure and content ideal for most forest zone crops including cocoa.
  • The objective of this project was to establish demonstration plantations in collaboration with local communities, which could serve as models in rehabilitating degraded forestlands. In addition, to determine the costs of establishment, management, maintenance and protection of plantations by communities and to produce guidelines for use by other local communities.
  • The strategy adopted was to provide local communities with the technical expertise and guidance to establish plantations in the degraded areas while eliciting from their knowledge on degradation. Plantation establishment was chosen over natural regeneration due to how degraded and nutrient poor the soils were.
  • From the project several perceptions of communities on the underlying causes of degradation and its impact on locals were determined. Such as poverty, inequitable distribution of benefits from timber royalties, non-involvement of local communities in forest resources policy formulation, as well as failure of the Forestry Commission to educate local communities on current forest policies and legislation.
  • Forest nurseries were established to produce seedlings for the plantation establishment and for sale to other agencies. Local communities established 100 ha of plantations interplanted with food crops.The plantation species were: Khaya ivorensis, Terminalia ivorensis, Terminalia superba, Entandrophragma utile, Khaya senegalensis as well as the exotic species Cedrela odorata. The food crops included plantain, yam, cocoyam, cassava and vegetables. The local farmers also indicated that their incomes were increased.
  • Overall some of the shortcomings identified was the issue of who becomes responsible for the maintenance of the plantations after the farmer has left the area to a new place. Also how to sustain the project after ITTO funds had run out. Also identified was the lack of information on the optimum planting distances for trees and food crops to ensure maximum yield of food crops and growth of trees.
  • The author recommends that maintenance of project areas rehabilitated and how project will be sustained after donor funding runs out should be resolved at the start of such projects. Also, appropriate planting distances should be researched for taungya systems to enhance both food crops and tree species productivity.

Geographical Region

  • West Africa
  • Country

  • Ghana
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