Resource Details

Forest Transition in Vietnam and Bhutan: Causes and Environmental Impacts

Literature: Books or Book Chapters

Meyfroidt, P. & Lambin, E.F. 2010, "Forest Transition in Vietnam and Bhutan: Causes and Environmental Impacts" in Reforesting Landscapes, ed. J. Southworth, Springer Netherlands, pp. 315-339.

Contact Info

Corresponding Author:


  • Department of Geography, University of Louvain, Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium


Reforesting Landscapes

Selecting the link above redirects this page to the book chapter on the website where the online material can be purchased or accessed if with subscription. For more information on access, see sidebar.


  • The authors evaluate the forest transition in tropical Asia focusing on Vietnam.
  • In the country as a whole, forest cover increased to 38% in 2005 from 25% in 1991.
  • Tree plantations were mostly near road networks where natural reforestation was focused in northeastern mountains.
  • In much of northeastern Vietnam, forest cover increased between 1992 and 2001.
  • Many policy changes emerged in the early 1990s intended to halt deforestation and promote growth.
  • These changes, inspired by forest scarcity, included the Forest Protection and Development Law and the Land Law, the allocation of forestry land to communities, increased protected areas after signing the Convention on Biological Diversity, and tree planting programs such as the 5 million hectare reforestation program.
  • The combination between national programs, economic growth, and market integration of forests together led to increased forest regrowth.
  • The authors assert, however, that the benefits of forestry activities still have not materialized for local land managers.

Related Publications and Projects

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Vietnam
  • Other
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute