Resource Details

Nurseries for forest trees: Burkina Faso

Project: Available at NO COST Project - Government

Kiléa, J.M.K., Lambert, G.O. & Kambou, S. 2005, Nurseries for forest trees: Burkina Faso in Examples of the Successful Conservation and Sustainable use of dryland biodiversity. UNDP Special Unity for South-South Cooperation, Sharing Innovative Experiences Series Volume 9.

Contact Info

Centre national de semences forestières,


  • Centre national de semences forestières Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso


Species Info

  • Azadirachta indica
  • Butyrospermum partii
  • Guiera senegalensis
  • Thevetia neriifolia
  • Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Exotic)


  • This paper describes the Centre national de semences forestières (CNSF, or National Tree Seed Centre) of Burkina Faso program to optimize the production of saplings from nurseries. This research is focused on  arid and semi-arid species.
  • Unlike earlier nursery practices of raising saplings in plastic bags that are expensive for local farmers and non-biodegradable, CNSF set out to develop alternative containers that are cheaper and can be manufactured from local manufacturers using traditional methods. The result of which is the earthenware container.
  • The earthenware containers are 25cm tall and 8cm in diameter. Built from a mixture of 8 parts clay, 7 parts manure, 3 parts sand and 1 part millet husks-a mixture based on the traditional way of making house bricks.
  • Seeds of 13 tree species and cuttings from an additional 4 species were collected from both forests and plantations. Before seeds were sowed (except for Eucalyptus camaldulensis) they were treated with sulphuric acid to break dormancy and ensure homogenous germination.
  • Cuttings were soaked in fungicide solutions and inserted vertically into containers. This experiment was carried out for 8 months.
  • The authors found that earthenware containers were better adapted to producing tree seedlings that reach their best growth for planting after four to six months in the nursery. But where seedlings are kept in the nursery for more than 6 months, large plastic bags are still required. Therefore there is the need for research into making large earthenware containers.
  • In conclusion, although the use of earthenware containers at forest tree nurseries is not without problems, in most cases, the economic and ecological advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

Geographical Region

  • West Africa
  • Country

  • Burkina Faso
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    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute