Resource Details

A short history of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration. The Niger Experience

Project: Available at NO COST Manuals, Guides, Reports

Rinaudo, T. 2010, A short history of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration. The Niger Experience ECHO Technical Note.

Contact Info



  • World Vision and Society of International Ministries


Species Info

  • Philostigma reticulata
  • Guiera senegalensis
  • Combretum spp 
  • Ziziphus ssp 
  • Faidherbia albida
  • Adansonia digitata
  • Azadirachta indica (Exotic)
  • Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Exotic)
  • Prosopis juliflora (Exotic)


  • This paper reviews the farmer managed natural regeneration (FMNR) program introduced in the Maradi region of Niger around 1983 to restore degraded parts of the lands. FMNR isthe systematic regeneration of this ‘underground forest’. 
  • FMNR was started in response to past failure of restoration projects that were modeled for temperate climates and in societies and cultures different from those in West Africa. This prompted the use of more conventional traditional methods of regenerating from re-sprouts of felled trees without running of expensive nurseries.
  • Selection of species for FMNR depends on the following factors; which species occur naturally, able to coppice, uses and characteristics such as thorniness of trees, local beliefs and preferences, competitiveness with crops, and growth rate.
  • Some benefits of FMNR are provision of timber and firewood, reclamation of degraded lands, positive impacts on crop yields and animal production among others.
  • In conclusion FMNR is cheap to implement and has the potential to increase tree species cover on degraded lands on a large scale. FMNR is easy to adopt and adapt to local needs. Therefore, where practical, FMNR should be considered as a rapid and cost effective approach to reforestation.

Geographical Region

  • West Africa
  • Country

  • Niger
  • This database is a work in progress, and we need your input to keep it up to date. Feel free to contact ELTI at to provide information on your own work as well as other projects and literature currently missing from the database.


    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute