Resource Details

Can intensive management accelerate the restoration of Brazil’s Atlantic forests?

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Campoe, O. C., Stape, J.L., Mendes, J. C. T. 2010, "Can intensive management accelerate the restoration of Brazil's Atlantic forests?", Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 259, no. 9, pp. 1808 – 1814.

Contact Info

Corresponding authors: occampoe@esalq.usp.br, jlstape@ncsu.edu, jctmende@esalq.usp.br

Affiliations

  • University of São Paulo, Department of Forest Sciences, Piracicaba, SP 13418-970, Brazil
  • North Carolina State University, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, Raleigh, NC 27695-8008, USA

Link(s)

Forest Ecology and Management

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Also available at no cost at Laboratório de Ecologia e Restauração Florestal - ESALQ/USP.

Species Info

  • Acacia polyphylla - Monjoleiro (Brazil)
  • Cariniana estrellensis - Jequitibá branco (Brazil)
  • Cedrela fissilis - Cedro rosa (Brazil)
  • Chorisia speciosa - Paineira (Brazil)
  • Croton urucurana - Sandra d'água (Brazil)
  • Enterolobium contortisiliquum - Tamboril (Brazil)
  • Erythrina mulungu - Mulungu (Brazil)
  • Ficus guaranitica - Figueira (Brazil)
  • Guazuma ulmifolia - Mutambo (Brazil)
  • Heliocarpus americanus - Algodoeiro (Brazil)
  • Hymenaea courbaril - Jatobá (Brazil)
  • Jacaranda cuspidifolia - Jacarandá, Caroba (Brazil)
  • Lafoensia pacari - Dedaleiro (Brazil)
  • Luehea divaricata - Açoita-cavalo (Brazil)
  • Myroxylon peruiferum - Cabreúva (Brazil)
  • Peltophorum dubium - Farinha seca (Brazil)
  • Poecilanthe parviflora - Coração de negro (Brazil)
  • Pterogyne nitens - Amendoim bravo (Brazil)
  • Schinus terebinthifolia - Aroeira pimenteira, Aroeira branca (Brazil)
  • Tabebuia impetiginosa - Ipê roxo (Brazil)

Description

  • The author's objective is to test the efficacy of forest management methods similar to those used in fast-growing Eucalyptus plantations in the survival enhancement and growth of Atlantic forest species on degraded pastureland.
  • Methods used involve the following:
    • Site: São Paulo, Brazil - Atlantic Forest biome, semi-deciduous seasonal forest;
    • Experimental design: 20 tree native species were planted in plots undergoing 8 different treatments (varying: ratio of pioneer/colonizing species, spacing, intensity of weed control management and fertilizers addition), 4 replications of 1,260 m2 each;
    • Measurement techniques: at different points throughout the first 3.5 years, the height and diameter were measured. Biomass was calculated based on equations developed by destructive harvesting; and
    • Additional measurements techniques: canopy leaf area index (trees and other vegetation), light interception, and nitrogen content in leaves.
  • The most important finding was that fertilizing forest restoration plantations considerably increased the efficiency in stemwood productivity (29%), as a consequence of improved canopy structure and nutrition. This technique also increased seedling survival (90% to 98%).
  • The authors conclude that intensive silvicultural management is an important and new strategy for achieving success in native forest restoration.

Geographical Region

  • Coastal Atlantic South America
  • Country

  • Brazil
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