Resource Details

Beyond Basic Needs: Participation and Village Reforestation in Thailand

Literature: Journal Articles Available at NO COST

Hafner, J.A. 1995, "Beyond Basic Needs: Participation and Village Reforestation in Thailand", Community Development Journal, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 72-82.


Morill Science Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003


Available at No Cost

Species Info

Native species is not specifically addressed. However, instead, the article describes that villagers rejected the use of fast growing tree species (such as Eucalyptus) and, instead, preferred reforesting with a greater diversity of tree species that had timber and agroforestry value.


  • They describe that currently many federally sponsored community reforestation projects engage the communities primarily by hiring local labor to establish a plantations with fast-growing tree species.
  • This method ignores the importance of local knowledge and local-level accountability improve the chances of a project's survival.
  • The authors assert that the community should be able to design the plantation and make the management decisions so that the plantation best meets their own needs.
  • The authors describe a Community Forestry Project (CFP) started by the Population and Community Development Association (PDA) in which participatory strategies have been successfully implemented.
  • For the CFP, village leaders gathered together to form committees responsible for managing woodlot planting, promoting local volunteers working in exchange for food commodities, and handle revolving funds.
  • During the first seven years, over 165 ha were planted by 89 community groups.
  • The authors assert that the projects managed by cooperating village-level institutions can better encourage participation and commitment by local peoples in reforestation projects.

Geographical Region

  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Country

  • Thailand
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