Resource Details

Special report of Captain George P. Ahern, Ninth U.S. Infantry, in charge of Forestry Bureau, Philippine Islands, covering the period from April, 1900, to July 30, 1901

Literature: Available at NO COST Manuals, Guides, Reports

Ahern, G. P. Special report of Captain George P. Ahern, Ninth U.S. Infantry, in charge of Forestry Bureau, Philippine Islands, covering the period from April, 1900, to July 30, 1901. Division of U.S. Insular Affairs, War Department. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1901.

Affiliations

Forestry Bureau, Philippine Islands

Link(s)

Available for free in Google books

Description

  • This document is a 139-page report outlining the state of the Spanish colonial Forestry Bureau at time of arrival of US forces in the Philippines (~1900), and reforms instituted by Captain Ahern. He describes the timber business in the Philippines including the state of the forested lands, species exploited, and volumes exported. Currently 160 species of native trees are exported, but the Forestry Bureau knows of 665 native tree species, a few hundred of which almost nothing is known. Ahern suggests trying to find a use for them all to make timber extraction more profitable. Samples of 100 species were sent to the US for exhibition.
  • The report lists commercial timber species, organized in 6 groups according to commercial value (p. 35-40). Groups 3, 4, and 5 were only to be used for firewood (including most dipterocarp species). p. 49 lists the most valuable timber species with some wood characteristics (Molave, Ipil, Yacal, Dungon, Calantas, Narra, Tindalo, Acle, Luan (= Lauan?), Betis, Aranga, Baticulin, Batitinan, Amuiguis, Guijo, Apitong, Panao, Sacat, Balacat, Malabulac, Malasantol), and reviews what knowledge exists on their use.
  • The report then briefly outlines the forest resources of the different Philippine provinces for commercial interests, and defines the main challenges as the lack of trained foresters, and the lack of a market for the vast majority of timber species in the Philippine forests. However, Ahern states that the Bureau of Forestry already has wood samples of 450 species of trees from the Philippine Islands in Manila, and is gathering more. 

 

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • Philippines
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