Resource Details

Reforestation of an Indonesian Tropical Forest: The Win-Win Approach of a Private Japanese Firm

Literature: Books or Book Chapters Available at NO COST

Kobayashi, N. & Kato, H. 2002, "Reforestation of an Indonesian Tropical Forest: The Win-Win Approach of a Private Japanese Firm" in Protecting the global environment: Initiatives by Japanese business, eds. W. Cruz, K. Fukui & J. Warford eds, World Bank, WBI Learning Resources Series. Washington, D.C., pp. 99-132.


  • Sumitomo Forestry Co, Ltd;
  • International Energy Agency


Available at no cost as part of book chapter on google books

Google Book Link


  • This company has engaged in reforestation and working with local peoples to engage in social forestry through the Sebulu experimental forest project in Kalimantan.
  • Established in 1991, the project planted dipterocarp trees native to tropical Southeast Asia in order to best represent the original forest as well as fruit trees to help the local peoples.
  • They have also encouraged the growth of natural saplings on areas of natural regeneration.
  • By 1998, the company had established 405 hectares of plantation with 75% dipterocarp trees.
  • The forest was damaged by fires in March 1998 and replacement planting has begun.
  • The project was established as a cooperative effort between industry (Sumitomo Forestry), government (Forest Research Development Agency of Indonesia and the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry), academia (University of Tokyo's silviculture laboratory), and community groups.
  • The authors compare this reforestation project with another Dutch sponsored project called Wanariset.
  • Finally, many efforts have been made to support the project's social forestry goals.
  • Household surveys were used to help design the forest in a way that contributes to the living standards of local people.
  • The project is meant to be an experiment of whether social forestry in the Sebulu forest can help improve the cash flow and economic opportunities for local peoples accustomed to slash-and-burn farming.
  • Additionally, research into the carbon storage of the reforestation activities has become an interesting component of the project.
  • The authors suggest that the Sebulu experimental forest has been on the "right path" to achieving its objectives and can be used as a successful model for reforestation projects initiated by private firms.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • Tropical Wet Forest
  • Country

  • Indonesia
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    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute