Resource Details

Philippine Resins, Gums, Seed Oils, and Essential Oils

Literature: Manuals, Guides, Reports

West, A. P., and W. H. Brown. Philippine Resins, Gums, Seed Oils, and Essential Oils. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Forestry. Bulletin No. 20. Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1920.


Bureeau of Forestry, Philippine Islands


Available in the Yale University Library

Species Info

  • Canangium odoratum (ilang-ilang)
  • Aleurites moluccana
  • Aleurites trisperma
  • Pongamia pinnata
  • Sterculia foetida
  • Terminalia catappa
  • Sindora supa
  • Canarium luzonicum
  • Canarium villosum
  • Agathis alba


  • This bulletin is a compendium of plant species containing exudate or oils that might be commercially exploited. The book mentions the difficulty posed by high species-diversity for economically feasible resin/oil extraction, and states that “many of the Philippine oil-producing plants grow well under cultivation, and the greatest development of oil industries from such plants will be dependent on their being grown in plantations by private individuals or in reforestation projects.”
  • The authors then write that Canangium odoratum (ilang-ilang), Aleurites moluccana, and Aleurites trisperma are promising for reforestation projects and grow well in plantations, and that great numbers have already been planted. Other promising plantation species include Pongamia pinnata, Sterculia foetida, Terminalia catappa, Sindora supa, Canarium luzonicum, Canarium villosum and Agathis alba, some of which have been planted in limited quantities.
  • Species-level descriptions of a large range of species, describing the exudate/oil/product, the tree morphology, and some notes on geographic distribution and habitat are included.

Geographical Region

  • Insular Southeast Asia
  • Ecosystems

  • General
  • Country

  • Philippines
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    ELTI is a joint initiative of:
    Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute